- A Clinician’s Guide to Using Light Therapy
A comprehensive treatment manual for busy mental health clinicians who would like to use light and other chronotherapies in their practice. Published by Drs. Raymond Lam and Edwin Tam of the Mood Disorders Centre in 2009, but still applicable today.
- Clinicians’ Resource Package – Updated! Get most of the materials available on our site in one free, easy download.
- Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder
The first comprehensive clinical guide to the diagnosis and treatment of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Edited by Drs. Raymond W. Lam and Anthony J. Levitt, published in 1999.
- Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms
Webpage of the Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms (SLTBR), containing further information and resources for clinicians.
- Website for the Centre for Environmental Therapeutics, a non-profit organization that provides authoritative information on non-medication treatments for seasonal affective disorder, nonseasonal depression, and circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
- Read about light therapy in a blog post at Psychology Today (2011).
- Lam RW, Levitt AJ, Levitan RD, et al. Efficacy of Bright Light Treatment, Fluoxetine, and the Combination in Patients With Nonseasonal Major Depressive Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry 2016; 73:56-63.
The first randomized controlled trial comparing light therapy alone and with an antidepressant (fluoxetine) for treating non-seasonal major depression. Main findings: light therapy alone was effective compared to a sham condition, but the combination of light and fluoxetine had the greatest benefit.
- Westrin A, Lam RW: Seasonal Affective Disorder: A Clinical Update. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 19:239–246, 2007.
A paper reviewing and synthesizing results from various scientific and clinical research studies of the diagnosis, treatments, and pathogenesis of SAD in the previous 10 years, providing an important update for clinicians who treat patients with SAD and related conditions.
- Westrin A, Lam RW: Long-term and preventative treatment for seasonal affective disorder. CNS Spectrums 21(11):901-9 2007.
A review of studies of long-term and preventative treatment options for SAD, including bright light therapy and antidepressants, with recommendations for clinical guidelines for preventative and maintenance treatments for SAD.
- Lam RW, Levitt AJ, Levitan RD et al.: The Can-SAD study: a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of light therapy and fluoxetine in patients with winter seasonal affective disorder.
A 2006 Canadian study that compared the efficacy of light therapy to fluoxetine (Prozac) for treating SAD, finding that both treatments were equally effective but that light therapy had fewer side effects for patients.
- Sohn CH, Lam RW: Update on the Biology of SAD. CNS Spectrums 10(8):635-46 2005.
A review of findings on the major biological hypotheses for SAD, focusing on circadian rhythms, neurotransmitters, and molecular genetics and discussing integrative issues and future directions for the study of SAD.
- Lam RW, Levitan RD: Pathophysiology of Seasonal Affective Disorder: A Review. J Psychiatry Neuroscience 25(5):469-80 2000.
A paper reviewing studies on the pathophysiology of SAD, with an emphasis on circadian, neurotransmitter, and genetic hypotheses.